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Chemistry 210

Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4

Length of Course: 14 weeks

Classroom Hours per Week: 3 hours of lecture and one 3 hour lab

Prerequisite: Chemistry 121 and 12 credits

Corequisite: Chemistry 123

Text: Organic Chemistry. Solomons et al. Wiley Pub., latest edition


Course Description:

A study of the fundamental principles of organic chemistry. The course begins with a review of the structure of atoms and molecules and continues with the structure, properties, nomenclature, reactivities, mechanisms, syntheses and spectroscopic indetification of the principal organic classes.


Course Outline:

1. Structure and Bonding. The quantum-mechanical view of the atom. Ionic and covalent bonding. Molecular orbital theory. Hybrid orbitals. Molecular geometry. Resonance.
2. Functional Groups. Acid Base Theories. Free Energy Change and Equilibrium. Kinetic versus thermodynamic control in a reaction.
3. Alkanes. Nomenclature and physical properties. Conformational isomers. Newman projections. Reactions. Reactivity and selectivity.
4. Cyclic alkanes. Structure and ring strain.
5. Stereoisomerism. Chirality and optical activity. Fischer projections.
6. Haloalkanes. Nomenclature and physical properties. Nucleophilic substitution reactions. Elimination reactions.
7. Alcohols. Nomenclature and physical properties. Synthesis of alcohols. Reactions of alcohols. Ethers. Sulphur analogues of alcohols and ethers.
8. Alkenes Nomenclature and physical properties.  Structure and bonding. Geometric isomerism. Synthesis of alkenes. Reactions of alkenes.
9. Alkynes Nomenclature and physical properties. Structure and bonding. Synthesis of alkynes. Reactions of alkynes.
10. Benzene Structure of benzene. Aromaticity. Spectral characteristics of benzene. Synthesis of benzene derivatives. Electrophilic aromatic substitution. Substituent effects.
11. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Proton NMR. Chemical shift and spin-spin splitting. Carbon-13 NMR.
12. Aldehydes and Ketones. Nomenclature and physical properties. Synthesis of aldehydes and ketones. Reactions of aldehydes and ketones. Alpha-beta unsaturated alcohols. Keto-enol equilibria.
13. Carboxylic Acids and Infrared Spectroscopy. Nomenclature and physical properties. Acidity and basicity of carboxylic acids. Synthesis of carboxylic acids. Reactions of carboxylic acids. Ester and amide synthesis. Infrared spectroscopy.

Evaluation:

Tests, assignments 45 %
Laboratory work 25 %
Final Examination 30 %

Instructors:

M. Meshgini, B.Sc., M.Sc.(Oregon State), Ph.D. (Washington)
Brenda Louie, B.Sc. (Simon Fraser), Ph.D. (British Columbia)
Taraneh Lajevardi, BSc (Azad), MSc (Azad), MSc (SFU)
Hema Giesbrecht, BSc Hon (U. Mauritius), PhD (SFU)


Transferability: see www.bctransferguide.ca