You are here

Criminology 100

Introduction to the Criminal Justice System

Credits:  3

Length of Course: 14 weeks

Classroom Hours per Week: 4

Prerequisites: C+ in English 098

Corequisite: English 099

Texts: a) Canadian Criminal Justice: A Primer. C.T. Griffiths. Nelson, Toronto. b) Criminal Justice in Canada: A Reader. J.V. Roberts and M.G. Grossman. Nelson, Toronto.

Course Description:

This course will provide an introductory analysis of the Canadian criminal justice system and its various elements with reference to the nature of criminal law, the philosophy of crime control, criminal justice policy, and current trends/patterns of crime in Canada. Students will study the various components that form the processes by which Canada responds to criminal behavior. They will survey each of these components, such as the police, courts, and corrections, and will evaluate their impact on achieving justice.

Course Outline:

  • Tension that exists among various components of the criminal justice system (CJS)
  • Crime control versus due process models
  • Description of crime and current crime trends in Canada
  • Role of the victim in each component of the CJS; victims’ rights
  • Overview of criminal law and criminal procedure and their relation to the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
  • Role of the police, their legal powers, operations, and strategies
  • Court system, hierarchy of Canadian courts, and the court process
  • Role of the prosecution, pre-trial processes, and exercise of prosecutorial discretion
  • Criminal trial process
  • Sentencing goals and options, and the exercise of judicial discretion
  • Alternatives to incarceration
  • Profile of institutional corrections and institutional treatment programs and their effectiveness
  • Release and re-entry
  • Parole process and operation of the National Parole Board
  • Alternative approaches to criminal justice – restorative justice


Quizzes 10%
Project 15%
Midterm Exam 20%
Assignments 20%
Participation 10%
Final Exam 25%


Faculty TBD

Transferability: see